Most pumps are not waterproof and will need to be set up outside the tank – they also usually need to sit above the water level.
By placing it above the water level, it will stop water from flowing back into the pump (this will break your pump). If you need to place your air pump lower than water level, make sure to use a check valve to stop the water flowing back through.
Choose somewhere to set your pump up, and ideally place it on something soft which will reduce vibrations (and noise) which it makes.
Setting up the pump is really simple, you will need: The air pump, tubing, check values, T-values or Y-values, equipment you want to connect the pump to.
- Connect the tubing to the pump following the instructions provided.
- Install the values, again this will depend on the pump you have and which valves you need to install.
- Connect the air pump to the equipment which you want to power in your tank.
- Once everything is set up, you can plug the pump into the nearest electrical supply.
Sometimes the pump you choose will come as a complete set and includes everything you need.
With other pumps you will need to buy some of the following accessories in order to set it up.
- Airline Tubing: This tubing is used to connect the pump to the airstone or whichever piece of equipment you want to connect it to in the aquarium. Tubing usually comes in the standard 3/16 inches diameter, but always check your pump because some units require different diameter tubing.
- Check Valve: The check value is used to stop water flowing back through to the air pump. This is essential in setups where the pump will be placed below the water level.
- Gang Valve: These are used when you have multiple pieces of equipment which you want to function using the air pump.
- Connectors: They come in different shapes and sizes, from t-valves to y-valves and provide you with ways to customize the tubes in your setup.